The strategic location, political, security, trade, stability, democracy and the superpowers interest made Somaliland a major political player in horn of Africa

Somaliland has emerged as key political player in Horn of Africa and the country’s location strategic location is vital for the GCC as Somaliland form part of the Red Sea and Bab Al-Mandeb Strait, one of the world’s busiest maritime route also used to transport oil from Middle Eastern producers. Somaliland strategic ties with UAE has generated more capital due DP world investment deal with Somaliland that will sources extra income for Somaliland.  DP World investment in Somaliland is a sign of UAE engagement in the Horn of Africa in particular Somaliland. This is because UAE has demonstrated strategic interest in horn of Africa. Somaliland has adopted a foreign policy aimed to establish cordial relationship with the Saudi led alliance

 In his visit in UAE 2018, Somaliland president, Muse Bihi Abdi said, Somaliland is very close to Saudi Arabia and the UAE for a number of reasons. All our imports depend on the UAE and their ports, all our flights come through the UAE. It is our bridge to the world, UAE is a key economically, said by the president. Somaliland relationship with UAE and Saudi Arabia deepening year after year.  This is why Somaliland unconditionally sided with the Saudi-led Gulf coalition as Somaliland has strategic ties with Gulf Cooperation Council.

Somaliland has done an inspiring work with respect to Somaliland’s international relations. Somaliland current president Muse Bihi Abdi has demonstrated a commitment to major public policy reforms aimed at strengthening Somaliland’s foundations on good governance and economic growth. The peace, security and stability and democracy made Somaliland strong case satisfying diplomatic recognition.  Somaliland strategic location, peace and democracy has sourced an increased attention from the international community. Somaliland is engaged foreign relations with the international community in its various shapes, forms and continued to welcome the international community cooperation with regard to development, investment, social reform and democracy.

Somaliland economic, security and political interests lies with UAE and Saudi Arabia. Somaliland relationship with UAE is the gateway for Somaliland diplomatic recognition. On June 2017, Somaliland government has issued a resolution supporting UAE and Saudi Arabia and assertion of its independence from Somalia. The strategic relationship between Saudi Arabia and Somaliland is what influenced the Saudi monarch his Highness King Salman Bin Abdalla to welcome in his royal palace Somaliland vice President Abdirahman Abdullahi Ismail “Zeili during the last pilgrims in 2018.

In this occasion, the King courteously warmly received the Muslim leaders at his royal palace. Among the delegates the king received included Somaliland Abdirahman Abdullahi Ismail “Zeili. Somaliland national flag was hoisted up at one of the palace posts. This is because, Somaliland proved as a steadfast friend to Saudi led alliance.  Somaliland has its own currency, elected president, elected parliament, elected local councils, legal system, experiencing stability and economic prosperity.  Somaliland is the successor state to the British Somaliland Protectorate, which gained independence from Britain in 1960. Somaliland is separate from Somalia far longer than been part of Somalia.

Somaliland borders drawn down by European colonial powers in the 19th century and as a result Somaliland sticks to old colonial borders. Somaliland was previously colonized by the United Kingdom while the rest of Somalia was colonized by Italy. In 1888, the British established “British Somaliland,” a colony across the Red Sea and along the Somaliland coast on the Gulf of Aden.. Somaliland is influential power in the fight against piracy and terrorism in the Horn of Africa.  In view of security risk, western aid workers must live behind blast walls at the international airport whereas westerners are safe in Somaliland. This is because the assured security and stability in Somaliland.  Recently marriage event was held by westerns in Somaliland capita Hargeisa in Adam’s hotel (Masalaha area) a Porsche area of the capital. Such event like this is dream to happen in Somalia, this is because the insecurity, terrorism and anarchy in Somalia aged almost 30 years.

Somaliland plays dynamic role in and international efforts to combat extremism. There is great differences between the two people, this why is Somaliland is peaceful while Somalia still in chaos. The Somali leaders have failed to create common ground between them, this is why Somalia is experiencing anarchy almost 30 years.  Somalia became theatre in this conflict. Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt cut formal ties with Qatar on June 5, 2017, resulting in the withdrawal of ambassadors and bans on trade and travel.  Qatar maintains close ties with Somali President Farmajo, whose chief of staff previously worked on his campaign as a liaison with Qatar.

They also lobbied through Somali government officials to support policies that increase Qatar’s commercial competitiveness in Somalia. In the past, United Nations Monitoring Group on Somalia has accused Qatar of influencing Somali electoral outcomes through its financing of preferred candidates. Qatar ignored to demonstrate balanced relationship with Saudi Arabia and the UAE which mean, they support one side of gulf conflict in the expenses of the majority.  The relationship between the week government in Somalia and UAE took their worst turn when Somali officials confiscated millions of dollars from an Emirati plane in Mogadishu.



 Ismail Lugweyne.



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