Ceel-Afweyn Conflict Resolution

Ceel-Afweyn conflict followed the skirmish of two sub-clans for retaliation and land
disputes. Somaliland government and traditional elders attempted to solve the
conflict in different occasions but unfortunately, it hasn’t been contained and
managed. However, the fight continued and lives were lost and injured from both

Early July-2018 Somaliland government sent more than 60 people to Ceel-Afweyn
including Religious leaders, clan elders and government officials to resolve CeelAfweyn
clashs. It has been Somaliland’s way of solving conflicts since its reclaim of
independence in 1991.
In context, traditional and religious leaders in Somaliland are often more involved
in conflict resolution than any other sector of the society due to their involvement
in the communities and trust towards their religious conduct respectively.
Tri-dimensional integration of traditional and religious leaders in the hybrid system of Somaliland governance is paramount for nations’ success. These Leaders
engaged in peace-building and state formation since early 1990s – their role was
institutionalized in the ‘House of Elders’, the upper house of the bicameral
parliament. Moreover, privately owned religious courts can also be mentioned,
whereas citizens have the option to go and resolve their conflicts.
Grand conference of this conflict resolution began 16th July 2018. Representatives
from the conflicting clans gave their consent to the delegates led by the religious
leaders. Although skillful discussions are intended to produce an effective
agreement and the sides brought claims of casualties on the table, the Sharia Law
was solely the basis of the arbitration.
Somaliland government recently held elections, the nation is in a new term of
presidency, economic, political and other national security areas need urgent tasks
at hand. For the past 27 years presidents, political parties and the public believed
that Somaliland’s prosperity and recognition are directly tied to the success stories
of peace and democratic values; peace expresses Somaliland’s DNA of idealism.


On the other hand, peaceful coexistence within and with the wider Horn of Africa is
not an only a political option for its foreign policy, it is the defining commitment of
the nation.
Broadly speaking, for the past decades, insolvencies, immigration, youth
unemployment and economic stagnation are widely seen in the Horn of Africa.
Particularly, Somaliland politics seem more vulnerable to deep discontents,
sharpened partisan conflict and sometimes clan-based confrontations; presence of
the insurgency groups in the region is more visible, mainly in the neighboring
Somalia, evidence show that Somaliland has been free from such ill actions but is
not immune from such trends, incidents could give those groups a chance to
dismantle the status quo – thus, the nation should cohesively tighter its policy
towards congenital strategies of conflict management, the regional member states
should also replicate Somaliland’s indigenous strategies to cope infringes.
Such incidents and clan conflicts if not contained in its early stages could easily
spread to other regions and cross-border areas and cause mayhem among the
societies living in those areas; attracting religious extremism and violence. The
relativity of peace in the area is based on the locally owned conflict resolution
mechanisms that involve local people in the process.
In a nutshell, new waves of change concur in the greater Horn. Foreign policy
malleability, strengthening the exemplary role of democratic spirit and
advancement of free societies should also be the priority for the leadership.
Although conflict coping strategies demonstrated that religious and traditional
leaders are highly respected, trustworthy and influential in all communities in the
nation, the process needs to be more institutionalized, Somaliland government
needs to have compelling policies and commitment to beef up its security
establishment. The deep state should have stronger capacity to deal with any




Freedom Center for Strategic Studies (FCSS) is nonprofit policy research organization dedicated to
providing strategic insights and policy solutions to help decisionmakers envisage towards a
meliorate world. The center provides effective and sustainable strategic policy alternatives that
improve governments, institutions and decision making through research and analysis. Peace and
security research as a priority and aims providing dialogue to matters related to disputes that
leads to conflictual atmosphere.
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